### Learning Outcomes

- Find percent increase and percent decrease

People in the media often talk about how much an amount has increased or decreased over a certain period of time. They usually express this increase or decrease as a percent.

## Percent Increase

To find the percent increase, first we find the amount of increase, which is the difference between the new amount and the original amount. Then we find what percent the amount of increase is of the original amount.

### Find Percent Increase

Step 1. Find the amount of increase.

- [latex]\text{increase}=\text{new amount}-\text{original amount}[/latex]

Step 2. Find the percent increase as a percent of the original amount.

### Example

Susana worked [latex]20[/latex] hours at her job last week. This week, she worked [latex]35[/latex] hours. In terms of a percent, how much more did she work this week than last week?

The video that follows explains how to use the percent equation to determine the percent increase of a given amount.

### example

In [latex]2011[/latex], the California governor proposed raising community college fees from [latex]\text{\$26}[/latex] per unit to [latex]\text{\$36}[/latex] per unit. Find the percent increase. (Round to the nearest tenth of a percent.)

Solution

What are you asked to find? | the percent increase |

Choose a variable to represent it. | Let [latex]p=[/latex] percent. |

Find the amount of increase. | |

Find the percent increase. | The increase is what percent of the original amount? |

Translate to an equation. | |

Divide both sides by [latex]26[/latex]. | [latex]{\Large\frac{10}{26}}={\Large\frac{26p}{26}}[/latex] |

Round to the nearest thousandth. | [latex]0.385=p[/latex] |

Convert to percent form. | [latex]\text{38.5%}=p[/latex] |

Write a complete sentence. | The new fees represent a [latex]38.5\text{%}[/latex] increase over the old fees. |

### try it

In the next video we show an example of how to calculate the percent increase of a salary.

## Percent Decrease

Finding the percent decrease is very similar to finding the percent increase, but now the amount of decrease is the difference between the original amount and the final amount. Then we find what percent the amount of decrease is of the original amount.

### Find percent decrease

- Find the amount of decrease.
- [latex]\text{decrease}=\text{original amount}-\text{new amount}[/latex]

- Find the percent decrease as a percent of the original amount.

### example

The average price of a gallon of gas in one city in June [latex]2014[/latex] was [latex]\text{\$3.71}[/latex]. The average price in that city in July was [latex]\text{\$3.64}[/latex]. Find the percent decrease.

### try it

In the following video we show more examples of how to find percent increase and decrease.